What is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity, also referred as information technology security, is the practice of protecting systems, devices, networks, data, programs from digital damage, attack, or unautorized access.
General cybersecurity threats and attacks
Phishing is the practice of sending fraudulent emails that resemble emails from reputable sources. The aim is to steal sensitive data like credit card numbers and login information.
A virus is a piece of malicious code that is loaded onto a computer without the user’s knowledge. It can replicate itself and spread to other computers by attaching itself to another computer file.
Worms are similar to viruses in that they are self-replicating, but they do not need to attach themselves to a program. They continually look for vulnerabilities and report any weaknesses they find to their creator.
Ransomware is a type of malicious software designed to extort money by blocking access to files or the computer system until the ransom is paid. Paying the ransom does not guarantee that the files will be recovered or the system restored.
Spyware/Adware can be installed on your computer without your knowledge when you open attachments, click malicious links or download malicious software. It then monitors your computer activity and collects personal information.
Malware is a type of malicious software designed to gain unauthorized access or to cause damage to a computer. A Trojan is a type of malware that disguises itself as legitimate software, such as virus removal programs, but performs malicious activity when executed.
A Structured Query Language (SQL) injection occurs when an attacker inserts malicious code into a server that uses SQL. SQL injections are only successful when a security vulnerability exists in an application’s software. Successful SQL attacks will force a server to provide access to or modify data.
Social engineering is a tactic that adversaries use to trick you into revealing sensitive information. They can solicit a monetary payment or gain access to your confidential data. Social engineering can be combined with any of the threats listed above to make you more likely to click on links, download malware, or trust a malicious source.
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